Indonesia is a large archipelago nation, comprising over 14,700 islands.
Located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the country straddles the equator and has a hot, humid tropical climate. It also has more volcanoes than any other country in the world, many of which are active.
Indonesia is unquestionably one of the most biodiverse countries in the world and is a priority for global conservation.
Despite having the fourth largest population in the world, Indonesia is the most heavily forested place on Earth after the Amazon, and is home to roughly 11% of the world’s flowering plants, 13% of its mammals – including 46 primate species, 6% of its amphibians, 7% of its reptiles,16% of its birds and 14% of its fish (including freshwater and saltwater species).
Yet this biodiversity faces myriad threats including deforestation, unsustainable agriculture and plantations (such as oil palm and paper), forest fires triggered by human activities, water and air pollution, and poaching.