Found only in Vietnam, and with a global population numbering around 200 individuals, Delacour’s langur is on the brink of extinction. Van Long Nature Reserve – with an estimated 120 individuals – harbours the largest known population of this critically endangered species.
The Hoang Lien Son Mountains at the south-eastern tip of the Himalayan range are home to the last remaining western black crested gibbons in Vietnam. The entire Vietnamese population of this species is restricted to one block of forest stretching across two neighbouring provinces. FFI’s long-term engagement in this area helped pave the way for the establishment of two protected areas.
The cao vit gibbon, also known as the eastern black crested gibbon, was rediscovered by FFI Vietnamese scientists in 2002 in a small fragmented forest of Trung Khanh district, Cao Bang province, on the border with China. Conservation efforts by FFI and partners helped the gibbon population stabilise and increase, with no hunting and major habitat destruction over the last 15 years.
Conservation is a social process, whereby the culture, history and livelihoods of a community are all intertwined with how they interact with their environment. The indigenous Khmer Dauem have been living in Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains for many years and, through their customs and traditions, have been protecting the critically endangered Siamese crocodile and endangered Asian elephant.
There are currently estimated to be between 400 and 600 wild elephants in Cambodia, with the main concentration located in the Cardamom Mountains in south-western Cambodia, and the eastern plains of Mondulkiri Province. FFI established the Cambodian Elephant Conservation Group in 2005 to ensure the survival of the Asian elephant in Cambodia by stabilising and increasing wild elephant populations throughout the country.
Threatened by hunting and habitat loss throughout their range, crested gibbons are some of the most endangered primates on Earth. Cambodia, with its large tracts of relatively intact forest and low levels of gibbon hunting, has some of the last and most important strongholds for gibbons. Little is known about the population size of yellow-cheeked crested gibbons but preliminary studies suggest Virachey National Park, in north-east Cambodia, has the largest and globally most important population of this species.
After decades of under-investment in the education sector, following civil war and the Khmer Rouge genocide, biodiversity conservation in Cambodia was severely hampered by a shortage of trained biologists and reliable biodiversity data. To address this issue, FFI in partnership with the Royal University of Phnom Penh established Cambodia’s first Master of Science degree in biodiversity conservation in 2005, which has trained over 250 Cambodian nationals to date and provides much needed vocational courses to natural resource management professionals from the NGO and government sector.
The critically endangered Siamese crocodile is now extinct in 99% of its former range, following decades of hunting and habitat loss. Fewer than 250 adults remain, mostly in Cambodia, where an FFI-led survey team rediscovered the species in early 2000. FFI is working with the Cambodian government and local communities to safeguard the remaining wild crocodiles and their habitat by developing crocodile sanctuaries protected by local community wardens.
With essential support from Oceans 5, FFI and our key partners are working to eliminate destructive fishing practices and protect marine habitat in an 80-km-long marine corridor along the Nicaragua Pacific coast. The work is ultimately designed to reduce the negative impacts of fishing on marine turtles.
The most significant tract of Chocó rainforest in Ecuador, the Awacachi Corridor was in grave danger of being converted to pasture and oil palm plantations. This would have destroyed vital habitat for species including endangered great green macaws, majestic jaguars and many other threatened species, as well as jeopardising a crucial wildlife corridor.