Scotland’s coast supports a multitude of species, such as basking sharks and dolphins, vast populations of seabirds along with cold-water corals and maerl beds. Although Scotland has recently established a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), the voices of the local communities that live in and around the coast are often left unheard in the management of their seas.
Ya’axché Conservation Trust, established in 1998, is an organisation with substantial technical capacity, and a growing impact and reputation in Belize. As a founder and long-standing partner, FFI has helped empower Ya’axché to become an extremely effective and highly regarded conservation organisation. Our partnership has enabled the ongoing protection of a critically important biodiversity corridor, the Maya Golden Landscape, which links the Maya Mountains and the Caribbean Sea.
Within the vast mountainous landscape in the eastern Congo Basin are the largely rain-forested Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks covering 1,660,000 hectares. These parks, and the one million hectares forest area in between, are home to the world’s remaining population of critically endangered eastern lowland gorillas also known as Grauer’s gorilla.
The largely intact lowland forest landscape of Tanintharyi region in southern Myanmar extends from the border of Thailand to coastal mangroves and the Myeik Archipelago with its important coral reefs and seagrass habitat. FFI is taking a landscape- and seascape-level approach to conservation by identifying high conservation value areas in most urgent need of protection and integrating them into regional development and land use plans.
Northern Aceh Forest Complex, also known as Ulu Masen landscape, is home to protected and threatened wildlife including the Sumatran tiger, Asian elephant and Sumatran rhinoceros. FFI has established close partnerships with Aceh’s Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA), Forest Management Units (KPHs), community rangers and provincial police department to protect and monitor landscape forest and its biodiversity.
A diverse community of pollinators provides the most effective and stable crop pollination, but research suggests that wild pollinators are in decline. Commercial agriculture and crop procurement companies have a vested interest in maintaining pollinator services, but are currently unresponsive to this issue.
The lowland renosterveld is part of the Fynbos Biome, although it is very distinct from Fynbos due to its lack of the three distinct Fynbos elements, the Proteas, Ericas (heather) and Restios (reeds). However, it is one of the richest ecosystems in the world, as a result of its extraordinary biodiversity. The renosterveld that we see today is vastly different from that of 300 years ago, before the large-scale agriculture began to threaten its existence.
South Africa’s landscape is one of the most diverse in the world. Its Cape Floral is one of only six flora kingdoms in the world. The ecosystem supports an impressive 9,600 recorded plant species, of which 70% are endemic. Many of the critical habitats of the Cape Flora (including the lowland fynbos, succulent Karoo and renosterveld) are being severely threatened by human development pressures on the land.
Of the two islands making up the Zanzibar archipelago, the less populated and developed Pemba Island hosts some of the richest marine biodiversity in Tanzania and the East African coast in its extensive reefs and mangroves, including turtles, dolphins, dugongs and occasional whales. It is also one of the main sources of subsistence and income for its relatively remote communities, who have witnessed reduced fish catches due to overexploitation and damaging fishing practices – such as the use of destructive drag-nets.