How does loss of biodiversity affect humans?
Everything we rely on – food, water, shelter, clothing, the air that we breathe – is dependent on the health of nature. The fruits and vegetables we eat rely on bats and insects for pollination. Cotton plants need healthy soil and fresh water to grow. Even the water we drink is the product of a natural cycle.
If biodiversity continues to decline, it will also lead to the breakdown of ecosystems, from forests to the ocean, that are crucial for storing carbon from the atmosphere, worsening the impacts of climate change.
What is the cost of biodiversity loss?
The World Bank estimates that the global economy could lose as much as $2.7 trillion every year by 2030 if the rate of biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse continues. This is because of the impact it will have on economic activities including fisheries, farming and forestry.