One of the most interesting taxonomic floral groups in Armenia is the wild pear. In Armenia there are 32 known pear species, 12 of which are endemic. Six of these are found only in the southern part of the country. The Herher state sanctuary, established in 1958, is home to the only known population of the critically endangered Gergeranian pear. Since the sanctuary’s establishment no in-depth studies have been conducted and there is an urgent need for proper planning and protection of the site. FFI is carrying out baseline work to establish how best to prevent this species of pear from being lost forever.