Since 2013, FFI has been conducting fish and other aquatic habitat surveys in collaboration with the relevant government departments and local universities. The focus has been on identifying endemic and threatened fish species and key freshwater biodiversity sites in the Upper Irrawaddy basin, and piloting community-based fish conservation. More than ten potentially new fish species have been identified.
An FFI-led team discovered a new species of snub-nosed monkey in the Imawbum Mountain Range in northern Myanmar in 2010. The Myanmar snub-nosed monkey’s range is believed to be less than 400 km2, with an estimated population of 260 - 330 individuals. The species has been classified as critically endangered and is restricted to the high-altitude zone of the Imawbum massif between the N’mai River and the Chinese border.
From 2010 to 2012, FFI undertook a nationwide survey of hoolock gibbons and a review of the conservation status of both eastern and western hoolock gibbon in Myanmar . We found that deforestation and hunting had exterminated both species from many sites.
Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park in South Sulawesi is characterised by steep, forest-clad hills and deep caves and contains the second largest karst (naturally eroded limestone) landscape in the world (after South China). Maros-Pangkep karst landscape covers about 40,000 hectares and features a distinctive type of karst formation known as tower karst.
The Raja Ampat Islands are an Indonesian archipelago off the northwest tip of Bird’s Head Peninsula in West Papua. The islands contain globally important coral reefs and are an Endemic Bird Area, home to threatened species such as the endangered Waigeo brush-turkey, and two near threatened birds-of-paradise (Wilson’s and red).
Sumatra’s Kampar Peninsula is the largest remaining peat swamp forest in Riau Province. This landscape is home to at least 492 species, including protected and threatened wildlife such as the Sumatran tiger, Sunda pangolin, sun bear, false gharial, several hornbill species and dipterocarp and ramin trees. FFI conducted a biodiversity assessment in 2014 - 2015 and has also developed a management and monitoring plan of high conservation value areas to support conservation management of several Ecosystem Restoration Concessions.
Of the estimated 350 - 400 Sumatran tigers surviving in the wild, more than 150 are found in and around Kerinci Seblat National Park – part of a World Heritage site. Since 2000, FFI has been working with the park authorities and local communities to strengthen tiger protection through forest patrols, undercover investigations and law enforcement operations to combat illegal trafficking of tigers and tiger parts.
Aceh’s coastal systems contain some of the highest concentrations of biodiversity in the world, with critically endangered species like the leatherback turtle, and genetically unique species such as giant clams. To protect these vital resources from unsustainable fishing practices, FFI is working with coastal communities and the Aceh government’s Marine and Fisheries Agency to identify the areas of highest conservation importance.
Situated on Cat Ba Archipelago, off the coast of northern Vietnam, Ca Ba National Park holds the only remaining population of Cat Ba langur, which is critically endangered and teetering on the edge of extinction. In the 1960s the total population was believed to have been between 2,400 – 2,700 individuals, whereas today it is estimated to comprise a maximum of 50 – 60 individuals. The langur’s perilous situation is due to the negative impacts of human activities, including hunting and unsustainable tourism and infrastructure development.
Restricted to the forests of central Vietnam, the known global population of grey-shanked douc langurs was almost doubled in 2016, during a field survey by FFI, when 500 individuals were discovered in Kon Plong, in Kon Tum Province. This site is a Key Biodiversity Area and habitat for two critically endangered primates (the douc and yellow-cheeked gibbon), among a host of other important species, including endemic birds and butterflies.