Conserving marine turtles in the eastern Pacific of Nicaragua
Nicaragua hosts globally important populations of five marine turtle species, all of which are vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List, and hosts two of just nine mass nesting arribada beaches worldwide. However, illegal harvesting of eggs and killing of hawksbills for their shells has presented a serious threat to nesting leatherback, hawksbill and olive ridley turtles on Nicaragua’s Pacific coast.
Central America marine project
Focusing on marine protected areas in Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua, this project is addressing themes common to all three countries such as marine governance, promoting community involvement in all decisions related to natural resource management, improving spatial management and access rights, and ensuring that lessons are shared regionally.
Conserving Black Sea sturgeon in Georgia
Sturgeon is the most globally threatened family of fish, and all species face severe challenges throughout their distribution. In the Black Sea, only three rivers are known to have suitable habitat for spawning: the Danube, Garonne and Rioni rivers. Six critically endangered sturgeon species have their last refuge in the Rioni River in Georgia, which unlike the Danube and Garonne rivers, had no sturgeon conservation programme.
Conserving threatened trees in Armenia
One of the most interesting taxonomic floral groups in Armenia is the wild pear. In Armenia there are 32 known pear species, 12 of which are endemic. Six of these are found only in the southern part of the country. The Herher state sanctuary, established in 1958, is home to the only known population of the critically endangered Gergeranian pear. Since the sanctuary’s establishment no in-depth studies have been conducted and there is an urgent need for proper planning and protection of the site.
Addressing the decline of critically endangered saiga antelope
The global saiga antelope population has declined by over 95% over the last 20 years - one of the fastest recorded declines for a mammal. FFI is a partner in the Altyn Dala Conservation Initiative (ADCI), a joint initiative delivered together with the Association for the Conservation of the Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (ACBK), the Committee of Forestry and Wildlife of the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. The goal of ADCI is the conservation and restoration of steppe, semi-desert and desert ecosystems and their species in Kazakhstan.
Conserving the charismatic snow leopard
FFI has been helping to conserve the charismatic but threatened snow leopard in Kyrgyzstan for over 13 years. Currently we continue to support the Sarychat-Ertash Reserve to improve its capacity to protect the snow leopard and other alpine species. We have also supported the governments in both Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in developing national snow leopard action plans to deliver more effective coordination and management for the species.
Protecting Sarychat-Ertash Reserve in Kyrgyzstan
Sarychat-Ertash Reserve is a flagship protected area, located high in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan. This 150,000-hectare nature reserve is a key site for snow leopards, and is also home to other important alpine species such as Marco Polo sheep and ibex. In consultation with both local and foreign experts, FFI supported reserve staff in developing a management plan for Sarychat-Ertash (the first such plan in Kyrgyzstan) and is now supporting implementation of that plan.
Conserving fruit-and-nut forests in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan’s fruit-and-nut forests are biodiversity hotspots and of great importance for the people living there. The forests are specifically home to wild relatives of a number of fruit and nut species and are said to be the origin of all commercial apple species (which is important from a genetic perspective). Although not formerly designated, all forest areas are protected in Kyrgyzstan. However, the forests still face threats from livestock grazing, tree cutting, firewood collection, construction activities and lack of management.
Supporting conservation programmes on Príncipe
The island of Príncipe is a biodiversity hotspot in the Gulf of Guinea with high levels of endemism. The forests of Príncipe are among the world’s 200 most important biodiversity areas. FFI is helping to promote the conservation of this unique landscape as well the sustainable use of the forest resources. Through the Global Trees Campaign, FFI is supporting the first systematic botanical surveys of the island, and already there are indications of new and unusual tree and plant species.
Implementing a network of protected areas in Cape Verde
The Cape Verde archipelago is a global marine biodiversity hotspot, supporting a wealth of emblematic and endemic marine species, including 17 species of whale and dolphin, more than 60 shark and ray species, and five species of marine turtle (including one of the three largest nesting populations of loggerhead turtles in the world). To date our work has focused on Maio, the closest island to the capital Santiago, which is under increasing pressure from tourism, coastal habitat destruction, and unsustainable and illegal fishing.