One of Madagascar’s iconic baobab tree species has been declared Critically Endangered by the IUCN Red List, considered the global authority on the status of the world’s plant and animal species. This is the highest category of threat, reflecting a very real and imminent danger of a species becoming extinct in the wild.
The species uplisted by the IUCN, Perrier’s baobab, numbers around 150 individuals and is restricted to a small range in Madagascar.
Instantly recognisable for their small crown of horizontal branches and massive swollen trunks, six of Madagascar’s seven baobab tree species are found nowhere else on Earth.
Perrier’s baobab is threatened by habitat loss, artisanal gold mining and climate change. These threats are exacerbated by the practice of burning land for agriculture, and grazing, meaning that few seedlings survive to maturity in the wild.