We are living on a blue planet. Around 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water, 97% of which is found in the ocean. The ocean is vast, and we still know very little about it. Just a small fragment of the ocean has been explored, and new species are being discovered frequently.
What we do know is that the ocean is an important marine habitat for a wide variety of unique and wonderful creatures. Some live in shallow waters, near land masses, where sunlight and nutrient upwellings create ideal conditions for plants and algae. Others live in the deepest ocean, and are uniquely adapted to this cold, dark and low-oxygen environment.
We also know that the ocean plays a critical role in the basic functioning of our planet, and that nearly one billion people around the globe rely on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. Protecting the ocean’s delicate ecosystem is, therefore, not just essential for marine biodiversity, but for all life on Earth.