Tajikistan is a mountainous, landlocked country with an incredibly rich landscape, wildlife and culture. Its rugged, mountainous terrain gives rise to a varied landscape of unusual and unique habitats, ranging from hot, dry deserts to frozen mountains and glaciers.
This diversity of ecosystems in turn means that Tajikistan is rich in biodiversity, with an array of plant and animal species including a globally significant population of snow leopard. Consequently, Tajikistan is recognised as a part of the Mountains of Central Asia biodiversity hotspot.
However, Tajikistan’s natural heritage is under severe threat from habitat fragmentation and degradation. 50% of its forests have disappeared in the past 100 years, causing massive soil erosion and increased risk of landslides. Heavy use of the country’s natural resources is a significant factor as a third of the population lives below the poverty line.