Rwanda is a small, landlocked highland country in central Africa, famous for its mountain gorillas, which inhabit the Volcanoes National Park within the Virunga Massif – a spectacular range of volcanoes straddling the borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda.
In addition to Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda has two other significant protected areas: Nyungwe National Park in the south-west and Akagera National Park in the east of the country. Nyungwe National Park is the largest contiguous block of ancient montane forest in the region and contains impressive biodiversity including 13 primate species and around 300 bird species (of which 24 are unique to the Albertine Rift). Akagera National Park is a scenic reserve containing a wide variety of species across its mountain, savannah and wetland habitats.
Most of Rwanda is densely populated, however, and not much in the way of natural habitat or wildlife remains outside the country’s protected areas.