1. FFI Australia
  2. FFI US
  3. Conservation Circle

Cork oak

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IUCN Red List conservation status

About: Cork oak

Cork oak forests are found in Spain, Portugal, Italy, France and northern Africa. Cork oak is an evergreen tree, can grow to 20 metres in height and has thick, deeply ridged bark that is harvested as cork.

Interestingly this does not damage the tree as the bark renews itself. So it’s a perfect example of a truly sustainable natural resource.

Cork oak facts:

  • The Romans used cork oak for buoys in fishing nets after they discovered the bark could float
  • In the 21st century cork is mostly used for the production of wine bottle corks
  • Cork oak trees live for between 150 and 250 years
  • The tree is a crucial component of the Portuguese montado habitat – home to the Iberian lynx
  • Threats: farmers are removing old cork trees to plant citrus, due to decreasing global demand for cork

Fauna & Flora International (FFI) is working with local conservation organisations and landowners to secure and manage a belt of land that includes cork oak forest across southern Spain and Portugal.

This important area of natural habitat will provide a corridor large enough to support a viable population of the threatened Iberian lynx.

Fauna & Flora International (FFI) is a company limited by guarantee, incorporated in England and Wales, Registered Company Number 2677068. Registered Charity Number 101110
Fauna & Flora International Australia (Ltd) is a company limited by guarantee, and recognised as a Charitable Institution (ABN 75 132 715 783, ACN 132715783)
Fauna & Flora International Inc. is a Not for Profit Organisation in the State of Massachusetts. It is tax exempt (EIN #04-2730954) and has 501(c) (3) status
Fauna & Flora International Singapore is a public company limited by guarantee, Registration Number 201133836K. Registered charity under the Singapore Charities Act