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Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

Striped like a badger – new genus of bat identified in South Sudan

Posted on: 10.04.13 (Last edited) 10 April 2013

Rare specimen discovered by researchers from Bucknell University and Fauna & Flora International while conducting field research with wildlife authorities in South Sudan.

Researchers have identified a new genus of bat after discovering a rare specimen in South Sudan. With wildlife personnel under the South Sudanese Ministry of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism, Bucknell Associate Professor of Biology DeeAnn Reeder and Fauna & Flora International (FFI) Programme Officer Adrian Garside were leading a team conducting field research and pursuing conservation efforts when Reeder spotted the animal in Bangangai Game Reserve.

“My attention was immediately drawn to the bat’s strikingly beautiful and distinct pattern of spots and stripes. It was clearly a very extraordinary animal, one that I had never seen before,” recalled Reeder. “I knew the second I saw it that it was the find of a lifetime.”

Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

Niumbaha superba has a striking pattern of spots and stripes. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

After returning to the United States, Reeder determined the bat was the same as one originally captured in nearby Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1939 and named Glauconycteris superba, but she and colleagues did not believe that it fit with other bats in the genus.

“After careful analysis, it is clear that it doesn’t belong in the genus that it’s in right now,” Reeder said. “Its cranial characters, its wing characters, its size, the ears — literally everything you look at doesn’t fit. It’s so unique that we need to create a new genus.”

Adrian Garside and DeeAnn Reeder with Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

Adrian Garside (left) and DeeAnn Reeder (right) with Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

In the paper, “A new genus for a rare African vespertilionid bat: insights from South Sudan” just published by the journal ZooKeys, Reeder, along with co-authors from the Smithsonian Institution and the Islamic University in Uganda,  placed this bat into a new genus Niumbaha. The word means “rare” or “unusual” in Zande, the language of the Azande people in Western Equatoria State, where the bat was captured. The bat is just the fifth specimen of its kind ever collected, and the first in South Sudan, which gained its independence in 2011.

“To me, this discovery is significant because it highlights the biological importance of South Sudan and hints that this new nation has many natural wonders yet to be discovered. South Sudan is a country with much to offer and much to protect,” said Matt Rice, FFI’s South Sudan country director.

Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

A handsome creature - Niumbaha superba. Credit: DeeAnn Reeder/Bucknell University.

FFI is using its extensive experience of working in conflict and post-conflict countries to assist the South Sudanese government as it re-establishes the country’s wildlife conservation sector and is also helping to rehabilitate selected protected areas through training and development of park staff and wildlife service personnel, road and infrastructure development, equipment provision, and supporting research work such as this.

The team’s research in South Sudan was made possible by a US$100,000 grant that Reeder received from the Woodtiger Fund. The private research foundation recently awarded Reeder another US$100,000 dollar grant to continue her research this May and to support FFI’s conservation programmes.

“Our discovery of this new genus of bat is an indicator of how diverse the area is and how much work remains,” Reeder added. “Understanding and conserving biodiversity is critical in many ways. Knowing what species are present in an area allows for better management. When species are lost, ecosystem-level changes ensue. I’m convinced this area is one in which we need to continue to work.”

The new genus has been described in Reeder DM, Helgen KM, Vodzak ME, Lunde DP, Ejotre I., 2013. A new genus for a rare African vespertilionid
bat: insights from South Sudan
. ZooKeys, 285: 89–115. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.285.4892

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Written by
Sarah Rakowski

Sarah is Fauna & Flora International's Communications Officer (Media & Publications). With a BSc in Environment, Economics and Ecology, she has long been fascinated with the challenge of balancing human needs and environmental protection. Whilst at university, Sarah developed a keen interest in marine conservation and conducted an opinion survey into public attitudes towards Marine Protected Areas for her dissertation. Her love of marine conservation also led her to spend a summer conducting ecological surveys on the coral reef off the coast of Andros Island, Bahamas (it’s a tough job…). Since graduating, Sarah has held a variety of communications roles, most recently in the private sector, where she worked as the European PR Manager and Communications Specialist for a leading technology firm.

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