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Credit: African Parks

Garamba National Park under attack from armed poachers in DRC

Posted on: 30.06.14 (Last edited) 2 July 2014

Poaching crisis in eastern DRC sees elephants killed by weapons more commonly seen in warfare.

Warning: this story includes some graphic descriptions and images of an extremely distressing nature.

Garamba National Park, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is experiencing a poaching crisis, authorities and conservationists have announced.

African Parks, the management body of not only Garamba, but many other national parks across Africa, has intensified its anti-poaching efforts in eastern DRC to counter the poaching onslaught that has beset the park in the past two months.

A total of 78 elephants have been poached since mid-April, representing about 4% of the total population.

Massacre site with juvenile elephant - its ivory would have been too small to have value. Credit: African Parks

Massacre site with juvenile elephant - its ivory would have been too small to have value. Credit: African Parks

In mid-May, African Parks reported that 33 elephants had been killed in the five weeks prior, indicating a concerted attack on the park’s elephant population.

Despite strengthened anti-poaching efforts, the total has now risen to 78 elephants in the past two months, with at least nine of them shot from a helicopter.

Park rangers have reported that in least one incident, hand grenades were used against them by Sudanese poachers, and poachers are now slaughtering for more than ivory – latest reports have confirmed a nauseating new trend for the brains of elephants, along with tusk and genitals, are also being removed.

All elephants are now in danger, bulls, matriarch and calves.

Parks monitoring team investigating a massacre site. Credit: African Parks

Parks monitoring team investigating a massacre site. Credit: African Parks

Investigations by African Parks have revealed that the poaching is emanating from four different sources: Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgents, armed groups from South Sudan, poachers operating from a helicopter, and renegade members of the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC).

In the past few weeks Garamba’s anti-poaching teams have exchanged fire with several of these groups and five poachers have been killed. “The situation is extremely serious,” said Garamba park manager Jean-Marc Froment. “The park is under attack on all fronts.”

Helicopter massacre site. Credit: African Parks

Helicopter massacre site. Credit: African Parks

Froment said that much of the poaching was being conducted by a new wave of LRA insurgents emanating from the thickly-forested Azande Domaine de Chasse (hunting zone) to the west of the park.

Unlike previous encounters with the LRA, in which their weapons were old and ammunition limited, these groups have brand new weapons and ample supplies of ammunition.

The second threat comes from South Sudanese poachers, some of them wearing military uniforms, entering the park from the north-east. “In one encounter, hand-grenades were used against our anti-poaching team in an exchange of fire that last 45 minutes,” said Froment.

The third threat is from poachers using an unidentified helicopter. Nine of the recently poached elephants had bullet wounds to the top of their heads and back and had been shot with military precision.

In two recent attacks by helicopter, the tusks were removed with chainsaws and the brains and genitals were also targeted.

These attacks are similar to a military-style helicopter attack two years ago that left 23 elephants dead in Garamba.

Elephant skull indicating bullet hole from the air and ivory removed by chainsaw. Credit: African Parks

Elephant skull indicating bullet hole from the air and ivory removed by chainsaw. Credit: African Parks

The escalated counter-poaching measures being rolled out by African Parks and ICCN (The Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation) include:

  • Collaboration with the regional military task force, which is being supported by AFRICOM (The United States Africa Command)
  • The establishment of forward operating bases at strategic points in the park and the manning of choke points to close down known poaching access routes
  • The immediate construction of new roads, bridges and pontoon crossings across the park in order to facilitate the broader deployment of anti-poaching teams
  • The extension of the park’s airstrip network and the intensification of aerial surveillance by the park’s two aircraft
  • Bullet-proof reinforcement of trucks used to transport the anti-poaching teams as well as the park’s aircraft
  • The extension of the current limited communications network throughout the park.
Elephant carcass with tail removed. Credit: African Parks

Elephant carcass with tail removed. Credit: African Parks

In addition, a helicopter is being urgently sought for the rapid deployment of anti-poaching units in and around the park.

Last year, in anticipation of an escalation in poaching, African Parks invested heavily in anti-poaching equipment, communications systems, training and informer networks at Garamba, as well as training a specialised Rapid Response Unit to respond swiftly to severe poaching threats.

Thalia Liokatis, DRC Programme Coordinator with Fauna & Flora International, has just returned from the park, and added, “Garamba contains the largest remaining elephant population across this entire region of Africa and has therefore become a major poaching target.

African Parks and the ICCN, with their partners including AFRICOM, NGOs and local communities are determined to take whatever measures necessary to protect the elephants – and the rangers who are also in grave danger by protecting them.

“If we don’t act now and support the park in their efforts, we will lose the last elephants.”

To help African Parks raise funds to combat these attacks, you can donate here.

Written by
Ally Catterick

Ally worked in media management and PR for clients including comedians Eddie Izzard and Ed Byrne before becoming Publicity Manager for the Melbourne International Arts Festival. Strategy and communications for conservation organisation Greening Australia and her role as Unit and Company Publicist for production company Roving Enterprises followed, until she was introduced to FFI upon their arrival in Australia in 2008. Ally became a founding board member – until moving to the UK to become the organisation's Communications Manager. Ally is now FFI's Deputy Director of Communications and oversees all communications for FFI globally.

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