1. FFI Australia
  2. FFI US
  3. Conservation Circle


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Portugal contains a wealth of unique ecosystems, including extensive cork oak forests and maquis shrublands. These areas represent important reservoirs for biodiversity in Europe, including many birds of prey.

The habitats also play a vital role in supporting local culture and traditional lifestyles. For example, communities have harvested cork from the cork oak habitat for hundreds of years. Diverse habitats are also beneficial in the production of products such as honey, local cured meats and cheeses.

The country’s wildlife is suffering from serious rates of habitat loss. Industrial agriculture such as citrus plantations threaten the species that rely on montado and other unique ecosystems.

Fauna & Flora International (FFI) works in Portugal in partnership with Liga Para a Protecção Da Natureza (LPN), one of Portugal’s leading conservation organisations.  We are closely involved with conservation of the world’s most endangered cat the Iberian lynx. The cat is a flagship species for stewardship of biodiversity in the region.

Our work in Portugal

Iberian lynx programme


The Iberian lynx is the world’s most threatened cat species, due to a catastrophic combination of habitat loss, decline in prey and incidental and intentional killings. By working with Portuguese organisation Liga para a Protecção da Natureza, FFI is engaging with state and private landowners to ensure the creation and management of a continuous cross-border corridor of habitat to link fragmented lynx populations across the Iberian Peninsula.

Take a closer look

Linking land for the last Iberian lynx

Iberian lynx

The highly charismatic Iberian lynx was once common throughout Spain and Portugal. The species has declined dramatically with the most recent reports indicating that there are fewer than 300 wild individuals left, mainly restricted to three isolated populations in southern Spain. The Iberian lynx is the most endangered cat species in the world. The decline in lynx populations is due to a number of factors including scarcity of prey, loss and fragmentation of its cork oak and maquis habitats, road…

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Key species include:

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Fauna & Flora International (FFI) is a company limited by guarantee, incorporated in England and Wales, Registered Company Number 2677068. Registered Charity Number 1011102
Fauna & Flora International Australia (Ltd) is a company limited by guarantee, and recognised as a Charitable Institution (ABN 75 132 715 783, ACN 132715783)
Fauna & Flora International USA Inc is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of Delaware with federal tax identification number 81-3967095. 501(c)(3) status for Fauna & Flora International USA Inc currently is pending IRS approval.
Fauna & Flora International Singapore is a public company limited by guarantee, Registration Number 201133836K. Registered charity under the Singapore Charities Act